Women in Leadership


Joshua 24:16-33Rom. 16:1-16Matt. 27:24-31

From time to time on the floors of presbyteries, we have to endure the age-old debate of women in ministry.  And I will be completely honest – I am SO OVER that debate.  While I am still willing to chime in on gay marriage or divestment issues, I cannot even muster the energy to speak about women’s ordination anymore.  I am thinking, “That was 70 years ago!  Are we still having this debate?”  I mentally check out in many ways.

Today, in Romans, is Paul attesting to the ancient roots of women in leadership for Christianity.  (Yes, it’s true.  Some people think Paul is anti-women.  Well, it turns out, he offers conflicting info, or different advice to different churches.  More on that later.)

Paul is nearing the end of his letter to the Christians in Rome, and greets his personal friends and former associates.  At the top of the list is the minister of the church and two of the key movers and shakers, all three of which are women.  First there is Phoebe, the minister of the church at Cenchreae.  He goes on to say “help her in whatever she may require of you.”  So much for “women are not to be in leadership over men” (as the list goes on it is apparent there are many men in the church as well).

Then there are Priscilla and Aquila, who “risked their necks for my life”.  We are not sure what this means, but appearing elsewhere in scripture it is obvious they are instrumental in the daily operations of the church.

I find it odd that Paul sets the tone for women in leadership, as did Jesus, and that somehow so many churches got lost along the way.  The Roman Catholic church remains firm in that women are not to be priests.  A few of their bishops have ordained women, against the pope’s directives, only to have their own ordination questioned.  One of my friends, a long time Southern Baptist minister and also a woman, no longer has her ordination recognized by the Southern Baptist Convention.  Few remember these days when Baptists used to ordain women.  But they did.  The anti-women craze came later, surprisingly.  Today it rears its ugly head again from time to time.  It astonishes and amazes me.

Four people have greatly influenced my call to ministry.  The Holy Spirit has spoken strongly through them.  Two of the four of those people are women ministers.  So it is hard for me to believe that scripture is wrong when it elevates women or when Paul speaks of women in leadership roles over men.  It is hard to discount Paul when he says “In Christ there is neither male nor female” and speaks of the variety of spiritual gifts and the need to use them.

It is true that in another of Paul’s letters, for that specific place it was best for women not to be in leadership over men.  But it seems odd to me to ignore the passages where they are, jumping to conclusions that women should never be in leadership, when in scripture they clearly are.  Context appears to be everything.

People who argue that women should never be in leadership, also talk about how they want us to “focus on God’s Word” more.  But what they fail to realize is what the scriptures principally teach.  They are failing to focus on God’s Word, instead focusing on just a couple of God’s Words that fit in with their agenda.  They also are guilty of dismissing all those places in scripture that talk about the Holy Spirit, and how Peter had a revelation on the roof about a new code of being in compliance with Scripture.  They also fail to remember a similar tactic to theirs about women was used to justify slavery.

Please pardon my soap box, but I felt it must be said, especially because of the nature of the church lately – to be stuck on spin cycle about a couple of hot button issues.  It is like we are playing the same song over and over again, stuck on REPEAT or REPEAT SHUFFLE, and dismissing the workings of the Holy Spirit.

I will conclude by saying that as a whole, Paul’s passage for us today in Romans is a wonderful example of the church in harmony.  At the end he states, “Greet one another with a holy kiss.”  We all know he had disagreements with many of these people.  But at the end of the day, they are all family, reconciled to each other, committed to Christ’s mission in the world, and committed to recognizing each others’ spiritual gifts.

I am thankful that the sun is breaking through the clouds in these areas, for the church of today is hungry and needing a renaissance in this area.


Joshua, Walls, Jericho


Joshua 9:3-21Rom. 15:1-13Matt. 26:69-75

“Joshua fit the battle…the battle of Jericho.  Joshua fit the battle…the battle of Jericho….and the walls come tumblin’ down.”   (Maybe you know the song and started singing along.)

OK, breaking news.  The walls didn’t really come tumblin’ down.

Our OT lesson today reveals that even amidst trickery and denials, God’s will prevails.  OK, double trick, if you want to look at it simply and not for the deeper God’s truth that is revealed.

If you remember the story, the Gibeonites save themselves through trickery, wearing worn-out sacks, clothes, and sandals, and convinced the Israelites they were from a far away country.  They live amongst the Israelites and avoid disaster.

It is a bizarre story that reminds me of the stories told to me a while back when I was in Jericho.  There I stood at some archaeological ruins, looking at the excavations that go back 1000s of years, and seeing the walls of Jericho from Joshua’s time which obviously not fallen, wondering about the truth of scripture.  Did the Israelites really win these great battles, destroy villages, and conquer the native people?

Later in my studies I came to realize that “victory” in the biblical texts is often meant with hyperbole, irony, or metaphor.  For Joshua and the gang, the “victory” the Israelites achieved was not always by these fantastical stories of destruction, but often by “breeding out the enemy”.  What better way to disrupt the native Canaanite people than by love?  There is the irony.

This reality infuriates biblical literalists.  But is it the archaeological evidence that disrupts their version of truth?  Or is it that the archaeological evidence supports the notion that “winning by love” was often how Israel won its battles, not how the foreigners deceived the Israelites into not being destroyed?

Don’t fall into their trap!

The walls did come tumblin’ down.  Walls of hostility.  Walls of division.  Walls that separated blood lines.  All of them came tumblin’ down.

When we discover the archaeological truth, we come to discover and unlock the deep biblical truth of God’s love.  Let go of your intellectual disconnect!  Shelve your training in grade school in the scientific method and look for truth in the story!  When you do, the reality of God’s truth is revealed:  Either way the facts fall, this was becoming the Promised Land for the Israelites.  People were finding a home.  Love won the day!  All were living in harmony.

I love how rich and deep in meaning Scripture is.  No wonder people have been reading it for centuries.  If it was blah, we would have been bored with it millennia ago – but instead it is complex, with twists and turns almost beyond comprehension.

Don’t shy away from the seeming “untruths” of scripture.  Embrace them, for they are with a little study, in fact, great and profound truths of God’s unfailing love.


Joshua’s Good Example


Joshua 8:30-35Rom. 14:13-23Matt. 26:57-68

Joshua takes over where Moses left off.  The hopes and dreams of Moses, wandering through the desert for 40 years, are finally being realized, although the challenge looks a lot different than when it was a far off dream.

Joshua is a fascinating character in the Bible.  If you aren’t familiar with Joshua, I invite you to seek out a Bible and spend a bit of time reading that portion.  There are so many opportunities for us to see our lives through biblical characters.  Joshua is one of them.

Joshua has a different set of challenges than did Moses.  Having led the people to the Promised Land, and having now captured Ai, Joshua demonstrates an essential component of their new life: worship.  He builds an altar to the Lord “just as Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded the Israelites.”  Not only is this a fulfillment of the law of Moses, but a direction the people have been going long before the law was given: Worship and Sacrifice.  It is a renewal of covenant that began at Abraham, and again at Passover.

Where do you need renewal in your life?

How often have you sought change, but found the changing daily landscape different from what you first endeavored to find?

Joshua becomes a fine example for the weary sojourner.

Joshua leads by example.  He helps build this “altar of unhewn stones, which no iron tool has been used”.  Then in the presence of the people, he writes on the stone a copy of the law of Moses.  Granted it may have been key inscriptions, but it sets the standard.  It is as if he is communicating: “This will be the centerpiece of our life together, he is declaring.  This is the place worship has.  This is the place teaching has over us, and just as God taught me, I now teach you.”

In the midst of the challenges to complete my doctorate in congregational development, I often thought of Joshua for guidance.  I see the vision of Moses up there writing down the law.  But then Joshua is tasked with the hard part – making it come to reality.  Have you ever tried to change a system?  Challenge the status quo?

Above all Joshua sets a good example.  Trying to change a system when the leader at the top isn’t on board is about the most impossible thing in congregational development.  So this is why we look to Joshua.  Joshua models that new direction.  Joshua is a potentially effective leader because of his actions.

One of my on-again off-again struggles in the church today is our overuse and over-focus on interims.  Somehow we mistakenly think that when we are without a permanent leader it’s a good time to change a system.  Good luck!  Sometimes the best thing we can do in terms of organizational development is get the right person in the right place and begin some long-term changes.  Joshua does that.  He sets the tone for excellence – not as someone from the outside coming in, but a claiming of his own authority and leadership, and moving into a bold new future.  By teaching and modeling he is setting the pace for how things will be run from henceforth.

I doubt Joshua had it easy.  Living into the footsteps of Moses is not a challenge I would be up for.  But he does it with pose and with purpose.  He leads knowing that honoring God is the most important, and that God is the true leader of this bunch of lost sheep, and we best focus on what is central that God would have us do.


Be Ready


Joshua 7:1-13Rom. 13:8-14Matt. 26:36-46

The Old Testament is complex and lengthy, but the New Testament is surprisingly straight forward, arguably with only one or two themes: Love one another.  Love God.  Some could say it is like a broken record, with everything surrounding this theme.

Yesterday in my sermon I made the argument that it is all about GRACE and LOVE.  That’s about it.

In Romans 13: “Owe no one anything, except to love one another.”  Paul then declares that a number of the Ten Commandments can be summarized in the words, “Love your neighbor as yourself.”  Paul then goes on to make an urgent appeal to always be ready.

With images of light and darkness, and the metaphor of changing clothes, Paul urges we replace our vices with virtues – “put on the armor of light”.  We must focus on the now – be ready for the now.

A good complement to Paul’s discourse is found in our Joshua reading.  In Joshua, the beginning of the story of the takeover of Ai unfolds.  It also focuses on the sin of Israel, and accounts for the deep struggling of the people.  This is not some grand punishment that roles down on high though.  It is the consequence of the people not loving one another.  They spend their time squabbling with one another and have lost their focus.  It is no wonder they are not the most effective army.  They have gone from “an army of one” to an army of self-absorbed nut cases.

In both readings we must be ready for battle in a sense.  I find it to be a wonderful image that has lost favor in many Christian circles these days because it isn’t politically correct enough.  But the fact is that scripture is often rooted in battle imagery and there is no way around it.  One must always be ready to engage someone in love, armed and prepared.  This is the irony of that image – the battle is not against some giant foe, but against oneself.  Battles are hard.  They require courage and fortitude.  So does love.  But I am sure we can do it – with Christ on our side.

In other words, BE READY.


I hope that these Morning Reflections have helped you fall in love with scripture once again, fall in love with God more deeply, realize God’s love for you more deeply, and fall in love with a morning routine of contemplation.


Gun Violence


Deut. 31:7-13,24-32:4Rom 10:1-13Matt. 24:15-31

“Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved,” Paul says in Romans today.

I hear these words and I cannot help but think of the ongoing culture of violence that is America – our culture build around guns and violence and racism.  Every night the news is filled with violence of the day.

In so many ways when it comes to gun violence or violence in general, we have become numb.  “Just another day of violence.” We shrug our shoulders in hopelessness and wait for the next newscast filled with violence.

My prayer continues to be that our country will finally turn the page on apathy.  And some of those prayers have been answered.  Long gone is the mantra “thoughts and prayers” that used to soothe the apathetic public.  Now seen as a cop-out, politicians are forced to find new empty words.

Our marching orders are clear.  Every Christian is not simply called to pray, but called to action.  My prayer is that action begins NOW.

These words from Paul have quite a different context than all the swirling thoughts of my mind.  People in Paul’s time were arguing that the Gentiles were not saved.  He was responding to that with words of inclusion and grace.  Paul was arguing that God’s grace had opened up, and that restrictions like circumcision and following the law were no longer in order, that salvation had spread to unfathomable circles.

Our context is different.  For us salvation is “salvation from ourselves.”  We need to be washed clean of the culture of violence, hatred, and racism.  We need to have rage well up in us to call us peaceloving Christians to action.  We need to be covered in the blood of the victims in order to begin to see straight.  That will certainly awake us to action.

Let me say a little about the plague of guns we have around here, and gun violence:

I am tired of hearing about the 2nd Amendment.  Anyone with a brain knows this is not what the founders of our country intended.  But what do we do?  As Americans most of us are committed to God’s Word, but equally committed to the US Constitution.  What’s more is that we rely on our courts to adapt our antique documents like the Bill of Rights to our modern, technological challenges.  We trust our judiciary to sort all this out: what’s a right and what needs restriction.  The problem is that we are left with that awkward, irresolvable phrasing of the 2nd Amendment: “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”

The responses vary.  My NRA card-carrying, pro-gun-rights readers are asking: “What part of ‘shall not be infringed’ do you not understand?” Others ask: “What part of ‘a well regulated Militia’ do you not understand?”

While I am not a Constitutional Law expert, nor do I want this Morning Reflection to become a history lesson, it is worth mentioning that best I can tell for most of our history, the 2nd Amendment seemed almost irrelevant, maybe in part to the ambiguity I laid out above. For most of our history, many American towns and states regulated guns and that was that.  But in the 1980s something changed.  People began to look at the 2nd Amendment differently, and the right to bear arms for self-defense emerged.

And now we are bearing the fruit of all that.  As mass shootings dwindled in Australia after the voluntary collection of guns, and as Canadians continue to have more guns than Americans but yet have far fewer incidents of gun violence, our culture of violence here flourishes with police shootings and police being shot, with domestic violence that becomes deadly, with children sometimes accidentally killing themselves or their siblings.  My black friends fear being pulled over by the police, a fear I will never fully understand.

A few things are clear: 1) Prayer is no longer enough to combat violence.  2) Taking away the guns is not enough.  3) Fixing our culture of violence will take more than prayer in schools or a reclaiming of God in classrooms.  It will mean something much deeper, like teaching our children to value life.  4) We cannot do this without help from above.

What does it mean to call on the Lord, as Paul encourages?  To put one’s trust in, to count on, or to look to.  For us it means more than a simple “get out of hell free” card.  Paul is arguing that the flood gates of grace are open.  We desperately need the flood gates of grace to open in other ways as we call on God.

Now is the time for Christians to stand up and proclaim some good news to hurting America – that salvation is at hand – salvation from ourselves.  Now is the time to lay aside our worship of guns and the false hope that more guns will save us, and turn to the God of New Life.  Now is also the time to call one another to action.

You are probably sensing the direction God is calling me to.  We have tried arming ourselves to the hilt and it didn’t work.  Perhaps now is the time to collect up as many guns as we can and have a smelting party.  Only then can the glories of love be revealed.

Only when our hands are free of weapons can we embrace one another.

Only then can we build and bind one another in love’s ferocious embrace.

Enough is enough, my friends.


Setting the Stage


Num. 32:1-6,16-27Rom. 8:26-30Matt. 23:1-12

In theater, setting the stage is one of the most important tasks.  It lays the foundation for the characters to move, plots to develop, and the entire scene to be set in the audience’s mind.

Today in scripture we see a lot of setting the stage.

Paul speaks about the purpose of prayer, and in Matthew Jesus lays a foundation of what our new faith is to look like.

The Romans passage captures my imagination, with Paul explaining the purpose of prayer and the concepts of “foreknew” and “predestined,” not as simply prior action, but as God acting in eternity and shoring up the kingdom of heaven.

Of course this ol Presbyterian is gonna be interested when the word predestined shows up!

Those us of predestined can rest in God’s grace, because we have also been called, justified, and glorified.  For those of you really interested in the minutia of theological discourse, this becomes the heart of Karl Barth’s understanding of sanctification, which is closely linked with justification.  It is a phenomenal read if you love that kind of stuff.

The passage in Matthew is the setting of the stage for Jesus to denounce the Scribes and Pharisees.

In many ways, today’s readings are dense and rich in meaning and depth.  In one sense they are difficult.  But it is a reminder to me that living into Scripture is not something one does overnight, but requires a lifetime of study and reflection.  I am constantly reminded, through the process of writing Morning Reflections, how little I know.  It is a humbling process.  But nevertheless, it is a rich, rewarding experience and feels a lot like taking my daily vitamins.  And just like vitamins, it is the long term effects that are often most important.

And so today we set the stage.  We wait for the story to develop.  In the meantime, we focus on the tasks at hand, and pray to God that he will enrich our prayer and help us focus on the building blocks of our faith.


Grace Abounds


Num. 23:11-26Rom. 8:1-11Matt. 22:1-14

The Parable of the Wedding Banquet can be troubling and confusing.

Big chunks of Matthew can be troubling and confusing!  Those of you that joined the Noon Bible Study of Matthew know this.  One of the challenges is this sudden shift about Chapter 22, when there is a sudden harshness of judgment oracles.

Best I can tell this is a symbolic picture of Matthew’s church.  Each one of Matthew’s readers can probably recognize their own face as they are gathered at the son’s wedding banquet – those who were invited, those invited late, the gathering of the good and bad.  And they are jammed into this churchly banquet hall, both good and bad.

Near the end we hear a traditional Jewish saying – “many are called, but few are chosen”.  Like yesterday’s reflection about “never getting there”, this is not meant to be read literally, but means “God wants everybody at the party, but not everyone wants to come or knows how to behave once they get there.”

Usually parables have a disconnect with reality.  This certainly fits the bill, with much of this not making sense.  Some are cajoled in off the street unexpectedly and then judged for not being ready?  Huh?  There is certainly an underlay of a judgement oracle urging us as Christians to discern who we are and how we live.  Jesus wants us to be different, act different, feel different.

Do we come to the church with a sense of awe and wonder?  How are we joyful or prepared to belong to the church?  Are we coming as children of the kingdom, or strutting our stuff expecting results?  The “what’s in it for me” culture certainly has taken over the church of North America and it is why we are dying.  The church has never been about “what’s in it for me”, but a place where awe and wonder meet up with those who are humble and open recipients of massive grace.

Only then will we get to Happy Hour.